Organisations are constantly in the process of change. Organisational effectiveness as the prime reason for change at almost all organisations. Whether it is to become more competitive or to get a higher value for money. All organisations are in form of change.
Change management is a discipline without rigid and clearly defined boundaries. The theory and practice of change management is built upon a number of social sciences. Three schools of change management are prevalent in change management. Although each school recognises the other schools, it sees their own as the leading school that pins all others.
Historically change is seen as a linear, top-down approach. The change is designed, communicated and ultimately implemented & adopted. However, intended strategies can lead to unanticipated outcomes,
Burnes, B. (2017). Managing Change (7th ed.). Pearson Education.