Digital Garden of Paul

Variables of job design

The design of a job includes a variety of task, knowledge, social, and contextual characteristics 2. Job design refers to the way that a set of tasks, or an entire job, is organised. It defines the structure, content, and configuration of employees' tasks and roles 1.

Many variables of job design exist, this note is a selection of variables that I will extend over time.

Job autonomy describes the amount of freedom

The degree to which the job provides large freedom, independence, and discretion to the individual. Allowing the individual to schedule its own work. Determining the procedures when carrying out the work 3.

Job autonomy influences the satisfaction and effectiveness of an employee. It increases the vertical scope of a job. Often by enhancing the decision-making authority of a person. More autonomy enhances the situational control belief of a worker. Enabling them to determine how to do their job or tasks. This leads to increased mastery and self-efficacy.

Job variety

Job variety is the degree to which a job requires a variety of different activities 3. It requires the use of many different skills and talents of the person. It relates to the breadth of activities people are involved in.

Variety help employees to interpret and position their work in the broader work context. It stimulates to develop ideas about how to change work-related products or processes.


1 Parker & Ohly, 2008 @@todo 2 Morgeson & Humphrey, 2006 @@todo 3 Hackman & Oldham, 1976 @@todo

Variables of job design